PARTNER-ATLAS

BELARUS

as a partner for the security and stability of Europe, its neighbourhood, and other regions of the world

When the Partner Atlas was developed (2019), Belarus was chosen as the fifth country of the region Europe and North America. The events following the Presidential elections of 2020, however, have made it impossible to imagine building a meaningful security partnership with the regime of Aliaksandr Lukaschenka. The Konrad-Adenauer-Foundation is continuing its active work on Belarus. Please visit the website of the foundation’s country office (https://www.kas.de/de/web/belarus) as well as our social media accounts on Facebook, Twitter, You Tube and Instagram (@KasBelarus) for the latest news and analyses of the current situation.

Last update: July 16th, 2021

BELARUS

  • Population: 9.449.254
  • Capital: Minsk
  • Interest: The Security and Stability of Europe, its Neighbourhood and other Regions of the World
  • Region: Europe and North America
  • Potential partner countries: Belarus, Serbia

03 — The region

Europe and North America

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SWITZERLAND

In many ways, Switzerland is a central partner for Germany in terms of values and interests, particularly in the area of trade and innovation. The economies of both countries are closely intertwined: Germany has been Switzerland’s most important trading partner with more than 22 percent of foreign trade. Conversely, Switzerland is also a key economic partner for Germany: in 2018, it was number 9 among Germany’s foreign trade partners (and thus the fourth largest non-EU country after the USA, China, and the United Kingdom).

  • Population: 8,654,622
  • Capital: Bern
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SERBIA

Serbia is of central importance for Germany in terms of regulating global migration flows. Since the beginning of the refugee crisis in 2014, a large proportion of refugees from the Middle East, Central and South Asia have been traversing the “Balkan route”. Its main route leads from Turkey and Greece via Bulgaria, North Macedonia and Serbia to Hungary and Croatia which form the border of the EU. Continuing on from there is difficult because the Hungarian government in particular undertakes very rigid border controls to prevent entry without valid travel documents.

  • Population: 8,737,371
  • Capital: Belgrade
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UKRAINE

Since the beginning of the conflict in Eastern Ukraine and the unlawful annexation of Crimea, parts of the country have not been under the control of Kyiv. It is in Ukraine that it will be decided what significance internationally recognised borders will have in 21st century Europe, whether territories can be unilaterally altered, and whether the right of the (militarily) stronger will again take precedence over the sovereignty, self-determination, territorial integrity and inviolability of borders.

 

  • Population: 43,733,762
  • Capital: Kyiv
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BELARUS

Belarus is often perceived negatively in the West due to its deficits in terms of democracy and civil liberties. This fails to take into account that the country can be seen as an anchor of stability in terms of security policy, with its position in the centre of Central Eastern Europe, and that it has been committed to international conflict resolution for some time.

  • Population: 9.449.254
  • Capital: Minsk
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RUSSIA

Economic growth and employment in Germany largely depend on key, energy-intensive industries, such as chemical or metal production. Despite the increasing importance of renewable energies, petroleum and natural gas – the first and second most important energy sources in Germany – play an important role for these industries.

  • Population: 145,934,462
  • Capital: Moscow
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